Saturday 9 November 2019
Thursday 31 October 2019
Here we are! White smoke over the European Parliament! The MDCG 2019-11 guidance on qualification and classification of medical device software (MDSW) was published the 11th of October 2019.
Friday 25 October 2019
I frequently have the following discussion with software development teams: can user stories be taken as software requirements? The answer is yes or no. All cases can be found in nature!
Wednesday 9 October 2019
We know that Drug Prescription Assistance Software are software as a medical device, thanks to the European Court of Justice. But how to CE mark that kind of software?
Friday 16 August 2019
We continue this series of articles on cybersecurity with a free and non-exhaustive review of UL 2900-1 standard.
What is UL 2900-1? This standard was published in 2017 by Underwriters Laboratory (UL). It contains technical requirements on cybersecurity for network connectable products. A collateral UL 2900-2-1 focuses on connectable healthcare and wellness systems. UL 2900-1 and UL 2900-2-1 are FDA recognized standards. Thus, applicable to medical devices.
Friday 26 July 2019
The ANSM French Competent Authority published in July 2019 a draft guideline on cybersecurity for medical devices. The European medical device sector should greatly applaud this initiative. This is the first and only guideline on cybersecurity with regard to the European medical device regulations.
Friday 19 July 2019
The GMED notified body has published a guide on substantial changes: named Guidance document for the interpretation of significant changes in the framework of article 120: “Transitional provisions” of Regulation (EU) 2017/745. This guide addresses changes according to the article 120 of the MDR. It's a decision tree in the same vein as FDA guidances on deciding when to submit a new 510k.
As a manufacturer, your mission, if you accept it, is to answer "No" for all your products CE marked with the MDD.
For hardware, be prepared to place your design in the freezer.
For software, be prepared to place your design in liquid nitrogen.
The guidance is on the page on white papers of GMED website.
Sunday 26 May 2019
Today is the 26th of May 2019. Rings a bell? In one year exactly, your class I MD software will be living in borrowed time on the EU market.
Because of rule 11 of 2017/745/UE Medical Device Regulation (MDR).
Tuesday 26 March 2019
To be software as a medical device or not to be.
That is the question.
And you rely on Competent Authorities to determine whether software is a medical device or not. For example, you have some practical examples on the ANSM website (google translate is my Friend): here is the lastest version.
And you wish you had a way to be noticed by the ANSM when the page changes. Hell no, no way.
Especially you wish you had been noticed when the ANSM change their mind on telesurveillance software: here is the previous version on archive.org if you want to compare with the latest.
Before: examples showing that communicating data, like tele follow-up is not a MD, with the invocation of expert function (found in MEDDEV 2.1/6 only for qualification of IVD, not MD) to exclude software without such function.
After: examples showing that tele surveillance is a MD (exit the expert function).
Arrgghh, This isn't Good Regulatory Practice.
Thursday 24 January 2019
The US FDA published in October 2018 a new draft version of its guidance on the content of premarket submissions for management of cybersecurity in medical devices. Two months later, Health Canada published in December 2018 a draft guidance document on pre-market requirements for medical device cybersecurity.
Monday 15 October 2018
Hi there! Long time no see once again. I dig up our series of posts on cybersecurity.
In this post I publish two new templates for cybersecurity risk management.
Friday 6 July 2018
Usability is a requirement, which has been present in regulations since a long time. It stems from the assessment of user error as a hazardous situation. It is supported by the publication AAMI HE75 standard, FDA guidances, and the publication of IEC 62366 in 2008 followed by IEC 62366-1:2015. Although usability engineering is a requirement for the design of medical devices, most of people designing software are not familiar with this process. This article is an application of the process described in IEC 62366-1 to software design.
Wednesday 18 April 2018
European Regulation 2016/679, aka GDPR, will be fully in force in May 2018. Everybody knowns that we have something to do to be compliant since it has been published. And everybody is getting awake only two months before the full application. So do I.
Friday 19 January 2018
Here is a quick follow-up of the new version of the FDA Guidance titled Medical Device Accessories – Describing Accessories and Classification Pathways, published in December 2017. This comes a bit in parallel to the Section 3060 guidance described in the previous post on the 21st Century Cures Act.
Friday 12 January 2018
Since the last blog post on US FDA guidance on software classification, things evolved quickly with the FDA. We know where they want to go with software as medical device, but not exactly how they will implement it.
Let's do a review of what has been done since the publication of the 21st Century Cures Act.
Sunday 7 January 2018
Wednesday 20 September 2017
A reader of the post on IEC 62304 Amd1 2015 noticed in the comments that the sentence in section 4.3.a was removed:
If the HAZARD could arise from a failure of the SOFTWARE SYSTEM to behave as specified, the probability of such failure shall be assumed to be 100 percent.
Don't be too quick to scratch the 100 percent thing!
The dreadful 100 percent is still present in the informative Annex B.4.3.
Even if it is no more in the normative part, you shall continue to bear in mind this assumption when assessing software risks. The underlying concept is that it's not possible to assess probability of software failure, thus the worst case shall be considered.
This is the state-of-the-art, present in ISO 14971, in IEC 80002-1, in IEC 62304, and in the FDA Guidance for the Content of Premarket Submissions for Software Contained in Medical Devices.
100% probability is not dead!
While the FDA continues to update periodically and reliably the list of recognized standards (last update in August 2017), the European Commission hasn't updated the list of harmonized standards since may 2016.
Monday 3 July 2017
We continue this series of posts on cybersecurity with some comments on impacts of cybersecurity on the software development documentation.
Tuesday 16 May 2017
If you are a regular visitor of this blog, you noticed that almost three months elapsed between the last two articles on cybersecurity.
That's not what I planned.
The time dedicated to this blog was totally swallowed by the other facets of my job. Namely filling the gap between the current level of compliance of manufacturers, and the new expectations of notified bodies and regulatory authorities in the European Union. The bar has been raised!
It gives you a sense of what we're getting into with the new MDR.
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